Understand the hazards of wind chill, which combines the cooling effect of wind and cold temperatures on exposed skin. As the wind increases, heat is carried away from a person's body at an accelerated rate, driving down the body temperature. "Wind chill" is a calculation of how cold it feels when the effects of wind speed and temperature are combined. A strong wind combined with a temperature of just below freezing can have the same effect as a still air temperature about 35 degrees colder.
Preparing for Winter Storms
Service snow removal equipment before winter storm season. Equipment should be available for use if needed. Maintain it in good working order. Keep your car's gas tank full for emergency use and to keep the fuel line from freezing.
Get training - take an American Red Cross first aid course to learn how to treat exposure to the cold, frostbite, and hypothermia.
Storm Watches & Warnings
Discuss with your family what to do if a winter storm watch or warning is issued. Designate 1 household member as the winter storm preparedness leader. Have him or her discuss what to do if a winter storm watch or warning is issued. Have another household member state what he or she would do if caught outside or in a vehicle during a winter storm. Everyone should know what to do in case all family members are not together. Discussing winter storms ahead of time helps reduce fear and lets everyone know how to respond during a winter storm.