Summer Heat Disorder Symptoms Sunburn
Redness and pain. In severe cases swelling of skin, blisters, fever, headaches.
First Aid: Ointments for mild cases if blisters appear and do not break. If breaking occurs, apply dry sterile dressing. Serious, extensive cases should be seen by physician.
Painful spasms usually in muscles of legs and abdomen possible. Heavy sweating.
First Aid: Firm pressure on cramping muscles, or gentle massage to relieve spasm. Give sips of water. If nausea occurs, discontinue use.
Heavy sweating, weakness, skin cold, pale and clammy. Pulse thready. Normal temperature possible. Fainting and vomiting.
First Aid: Get victim out of sun. Lay down and loosen clothing. Apply cool, wet cloths. Fan or move victim to air conditioned room. Sips of water. If nausea occurs, discontinue use. If vomiting continues, seek immediate medical attention.
Heat Stroke / Sunstroke
High body temperature (106° F. or higher). Hot dry skin. Rapid and strong pulse. Possible unconsciousness.
First Aid: Heat
stroke is a severe medical emergency. Summon emergency medical
assistance or get the victim to a hospital immediately. Delay can be
fatal. Move the victim to a cooler environment Reduce body
temperature with cold bath or sponging. Use extreme caution. Remove
clothing, use fans and air conditioners. If temperature rises again,
repeat process. Do not give fluids. Persons on salt restrictive diets
should consult a physician before increasing their salt intake.